Share   Subscribe to RSS feed

Brian Schiff’s Blog

Injury Prevention, Sports Rehab & Performance Training Expert

Archive for 'shoulder injuries'

As I write this update, I have now been back to work for a month. The first 3 days back were challenging, as I had not done that much with my arm in quite some time. I was sore by 5 pm each day, but no significant pain. The soreness resolved by the next morning. I quickly realized how weak I was as I attempted to stretch a client’s hamstring lifting the right leg up with my left arm.

With that said, going back to work also facilitated me moving the arm more frequently and using it against gravity. This has allowed me to regain more functional mobility and strength the past month. I have been careful to avoid any heavy or overhead lifting. I have not encountered something I could not do yet in patient care, but I have had to be aware of my body mechanics and positioning to reduce strain on the left arm.

MD follow-up

I saw the doctor this past Friday. He was pleased with my progress and encouraged me to keep working on regaining the last portion of my ROM. I will go back for one final appointment in 6 weeks. Of note, I had previously asked him to image the right shoulder to see if I had a tear since I have been having some right shoulder pain that has worsened since the left shoulder surgery. The MRI revealed a partial tear (30-40% of mostly bursal-sided fibers), some degeneration in the anterior labrum, biceps inflammation and a sizable bone spur. In essence, the doctor says I need to have the bone spur taken out in the near future to avoid a full tear on my right side. Not great news, but I am relieved it was not fully torn.

Rehab and Exercise

I am continuing to get stretched 2x/week, while doing my pulley and ROM exercises daily at home. I am performing scapular and rotator cuff strengthening about 3x/week. I returned to the gym for the first time on Labor Day. This was a humbling day to be sure as I cannot even do 50% of my previous weight with pull downs, rows and other lifts. But, Rome was not built in a day, and I know it will likely take up to a year to get back to 100% again.


Continue reading…

The last two weeks I have continued to see progress with my strength. My “shrug sign” lifting up my left arm is improving and now most noticeable when lifting my arm out to the side at 80 degrees and beyond. I have seen a steady increase in lifting capacity for my biceps and triceps but am still down more than 50% compared to my right side overall in strength.

New accomplishments 

  • Able to reach behind my head and wash my hair
  • Able to drive and turn the steering wheel with just my left arm
  • Begin wall push-ups and single arm rows

Remaining limitations 

  • Reaching up behind my back
  • Unable to lay/sleep on left side
  • Decreased elevation and external rotation

I have learned that the shoulder is still vulnerable if I do too much activity or push it too hard with the stretching. Generally, I stick to no more than 4/10 pain when doing passive stretching myself. In therapy, I have been just trying to block out the pain and endure the stretching even when it goes beyond that level. Last week, I had difficulty sleeping the same night following both of my PT sessions. I felt as if the PROM performed by the PT was more intense than it has been. While I was able to tolerate it during the session, the shoulder was increasingly sore and tight the same day after both sessions.


Continue reading…

Well, I just saw my surgeon as I approach the 11 week post-op mark. I have made good progress since the steroid injection. Although I am still a little stiffer than we both would like, my ROM is progressing and my pain is gone aside from when I or my therapist really stretch it into end range.

Activities of daily living

I am now doing most things (bathing, dressing, grooming, etc.) using my left arm. It was a big deal when I could use my left arm in the drive through and ATM again lol. We tend to take the little things for granted until we cannot do them. I can turn the steering wheel with my left arm, although I will admit it is still a little challenging and fatiguing. Carrying light groceries is no sweat, and I have even started mowing my lawn with a self propelled lawn mower. Keep in mind my yard is flat and relatively small, so I would probably advise most patients to wait a bit longer on that.

Rehab recap

The past two weeks I have continued focusing on AROM and PROM while slowly progressing my strengthening exercises. My typical rehab session looks something like this:

  • Heat x 10 min
  • Active assistive cane ROM exercises x 20 each
  • Pulley: 2 x 15
  • Wall slides x 20
  • UBE x 6 min
  • PROM by PT for 20-30 min
  • Serratus punches – 2 x 10
  • Theraband rows and pulls – 2 x 10-15
  • Theraband internal rotation – 2 xx 10
  • Theraband external rotation walk outs – 2 x 10
  • Side-lying external rotation (no weight) – 2 x 10
  • Stabilization on the wall with a ball (up/down, side-to-side, circles) 2 x 10
  • Prone extension (light weight) – 2 x 10
  • Prone horizontal abduction (no weight) – 2 x 10
  • Standing flexion and scaption (0-1#) 2 x 10 focusing on no shrug in my range of motion
  • Ice x 10 min

The entire session takes about 90 minutes. Of course, I am navigating all the exercises on my own and relying on a colleague to do the PROM. With respect to the strengthening, my focus is on form, time under tension, avoiding excessive upper trap and compensatory motion, and ensuring I am not experiencing pain as I move the arm.


Continue reading…

For all those following along with my journey, I have moved just past the 8 week post-op mark. I am pleased to report that I continue to see small steady improvements with my mobility during day-to-day activities as long as I am moving below shoulder height. I continue to have periodic and general low-level soreness at times (intermittent) but no marked pain unless really pushing my motion with stretching.

MD Follow-up

I recently saw the surgeon between weeks 6 and 7. He examined the shoulder and determined everything seemed to be progressing fine. I explained to him that I felt my passive range of motion (particularly flexion) felt limited by a pinching pain along the front of the shoulder in PT and at home. I also just felt that the shoulder was more stiff than I had hoped it would be at this point. He recommended giving me a steroid injection to help with inflammation and mobility. He assured me it would in no way compromise the repair.

See the article abstract below regarding early AROM after surgery:

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31084488/

This was my first experience with cortisone. Patients have always told me 1 of 3 things:

  1. It’s magic and now all the pain is gone
  2. It hurts more initially but eventually after a few days they noticed some relief
  3. It did NOT help at all

The response for me was more in line with answer #2. The posterior shoulder was very sore within 2-3 hours after the injection, and the shoulder felt very heavy the rest of the day (motion actually seemed worse). In 24-36 hours, that pain and heaviness subsided, and I would say I could move the shoulder somewhat better in 72 hours. Since the injection, I have not had the pinching pain, and the motion seems to be getting better gradually. With that said, I still have some discomfort at times and a long way to go to recover all my motion as expected at this phase of the rehab process.


Continue reading…

I passed a major milestone last Thursday as I hit the 6 week post-op mark. I have been transitioning out of the sling since week four (at home) while continuing to use the sling out in public. I officially quit using it last week. Things have been progressing, but two words really define the recovery so far: slow and incremental.

Being patient is no easy task when I am so used to working in the clinic, lifting weights and playing sports with my boys. Sleeping has still been a bit of a challenge as the shoulder aches after a few hours in one position, but I am now sleeping in my bed for 6-7 hours with only 2 disturbances per night. My mobility with dressing, shaving, showering and getting dressed is steadily improving. With respect to pain, it is absent at rest. However, it still strikes when I move the wrong way or happen to lift the arm against gravity due to weakness and stiffness.

Rehab

I have been going twice per week, but missed last week due to a summer vacation. I was diligent with my exercises 2x/day while away. Prior to leaving, my latest passive range of motion was equal to 117 degrees of flexion and 38 degrees of external rotation at 5 weeks post-op. As far as guidelines for the next 2-4 weeks, the goals are to restore ROM, resolve pain and begin light strengthening with rehab activities such as:

  • Begin active assistive range of motion (AAROM) progressing to active range of motion (AROM)
  • Continue with deltoid and rotator cuff isometric strengthening
  • Begin light scapular strengthening – retraction (light rows), protraction (serratus anterior work), scapular depression and gentle ball stabilization work in a dependent position
  • AAROM exercises with a dowel rod or cane (external rotation, extension, scaption, flexion, horizontal adduction/abduction)
  • Joint mobilization, continued passive stretching to restore full range of motion and addition of shoulder pulley in this phase
  • Light biceps and triceps strengthening (elbow at side)
  • Scar massage

One important note: I have found the continued use of ice helpful in reducing daily soreness and discomfort following my home program. As such, I would highly recommend its daily use this late into the rehab.


Continue reading…